文章摘要
湖南省生态系统格局变化驱动力分析
Analysis on the driving forces of compositions andpattern changes of ecosystem in Hunan Province
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 湖南省  生态系统格局  景观格局  土地利用变化  驱动力
英文关键词: Hunan Province  ecosystem composition  landscape pattern  changes of land use  driving forces
基金项目:地理空间信息技术国家地方联合工程实验室开放基金资助项目(2014GISNELJJ01);湖南省自然科学基金资助项目(14JJ6033);全国生态环境十年(2000~2010年)变化遥感调查与评估项目(STSN-05-18)
作者单位
黄河仙1,2,罗岳平1,2,殷芙蓉3,易敏1,2,廖秀英4,胡树林1,2,邢宏霖1,2 1.湖南省环境监测中心站湖南 长沙 4100142.国家环境保护重金属污染监测重点实验室湖南 长沙 410014 3.中国电建集团 中南勘测设计研究院有限公司湖南 长沙 4100144.湖南科技大学 建筑与城乡规划学院湖南 湘潭 411201 
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中文摘要:
      利用遥感信息技术和GIS空间分析方法,从时间和空间上对湖南省2000~2010年间土地利用变化和景观格局动态变化过程进行了系统调查和评价,结果表明:1) 10年间湖南全省表征生态环境总体变好,10年来湖南省生态系统类型以森林、耕地、灌丛为主,分别占全省土地面积的41.1%,30.0%,20%,湿地、城镇、草地、裸地合计仅占7.9%;2) 生态系统空间格局变化及双向转换主要集中在城镇与耕地生态系统互转,城镇面积增加明显,耕地减少显著,可见人类经济活动是湖南生态系统类型空间格局变化的主要因素;3)全省的斑块破碎化程度较高,景观完整性较差,因此城镇化建设过程中,加大绿地斑块和建设绿地廊道链接分离的绿地景观,实现城镇与周边森林、灌木、湿地等保护核心区的连接,既能维护整个区域的生态连续性,成为研究区内生态流之间的高效通道和联系途径,以达到社会经济与生态保护的可持续性发展.
英文摘要:
      Study on composition rules and pattern changes of ecosystem during the rapid development of economy and society has an important guiding significance for the construction of well-off society, how to handle the relationship between environment and development. The remote sensing information technology and GIS space was used to investigate and assess the changes of land use and landscape pattern dynamic in Hunan Province during 2000~2010. The results showed that, Woodland, cultivated land and Shrub land is the main ecosystem types in Hunan Province during 2000~2010, which respectively accounted for 411%, 30.0%, 20% of the whole province area, while wetlands, urban land, grassland and bare land made only 7.9% in total. Most of spatial pattern change of ecosystem and the bidirectional transformation mainly occurre in the urban land and farmland ecological system. The urban area of increase mostly come from cultivated land, woodland and shrub land. The area of farmland decrease mostly come from urban land. Ecological environment is getting better in Hunan Province during 2000~2010. The patches in woodland, shrub land, cultivated land and bare land declined in its number and which of area increased, and terrestrial ecosystems function and condition is becoming better. But patch Fragmentation of ecological system is relatively large, and landscape is poor integrity. Human economic activities are the main factors to spatial patterns change of ecosystem. In view of the above, the government should take policies of the maximum slow the development of important ecological function areas in eastern, southern, western, Dongting Lake area in Hunan Province, core area to prohibit the development. It is necessary to prohibit farmland to develop urban land, and strictly abide by the cultivated land redline. The construction of city green land patch pattern and urban green corridors could contribute to maintaining the regional ecological system continuity, and promoting the sustainable development of social economy and ecological protection.
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