文章摘要
密度泛函数理论研究取代基对 X-PhPhCH=NPh-Y构型的影响
DFT study of the substituent cross-interaction effects on theconformation of X-PhPhCH=NPh-Y
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 取代基效应  希夫碱  密度泛函数理论  二面角
英文关键词: substituent effects  schiff bases  density functional theory  dihedral angle
基金项目:湖南省自然科学基金资助项目(2016JJ3050);湖南省教育厅优秀青年资助项目(05B055)
作者单位
邬峰,方正军,谢鑫,黄林杰 湖南工程学院 化学化工学院湖南 湘潭 411104 
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中文摘要:
      采用密度泛函方法在 B3LYP/6-31G* 水平上优化了 49 个模型化合物X-PhPhCH=NPh-Y的几何构型,获得了化合物苯胺环与C=N的二面角τ2.为了验证计算结果的可靠性,合成并培养了PhPhCH=NPh-OMe化合物的单晶.研究表明,二面角τ2随着取代基X和Y的变化而显著地变化,τ2变化范围为142.42°~156.90°.计算结果和实验数据基本吻合,表明该计算方法具有较好的可靠性;在此基础上,研究了模型化合物中取代基对二面角τ2的影响,同时还构建了一个能表达取代基和分子构型关系的定量模型.该研究为探讨芳基希夫碱分子中取代基对分子构型的影响提供了一种切实可行的方法.
英文摘要:
      The conformations of N-benzylideneanilines X-PhPhCH=NPh-Y were studied by B3LYP (DFT) hybrid method in combination with the 6-31G* split valence basis set. It was observed that the twist angle of the benzylidene ring or aniline ring with respect to the rest of the molecule (τ1 or τ2) estimated by the DFT method are highly reliable, and τ2 can be systematically regulated through X and Y substitution. The substituent effects on τ2 obtained from DFT calculations were investigated. It is demonstrated that substituent cross-interaction has a certain influence on τ2, and a quantitative model was proposed to express such an effect. The findings of the present study illustrate a practical method for expressing the relationship between substituents and molecular conformation of the X-PhPhCH=NPh-Y compounds.
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